Briefing on UN (UN4U) for students of Science and Culture University
WHO Ready to Assist Iran in Improving Road Safety Measures
20 November 2018: Representative of World Health Organization (WHO) in Iran, today at the 4th National Traffic and Safety Conference expressed readiness of WHO to expand supporting Iran in reduction of road traffic fatalities and injuries.
During his opening remarks addressing hundreds of high ranking officers and experts of University of Traffic Police, Dr. Christoph Hamelmann underscored that currently WHO is working with the Ministry of Health and Medical Education and other stakeholders including Police Department of the Islamic Republic of Iran (NAJA) on the implementation of key components of the national road safety plan that includes Improvements of emergency care, road safety reports and the work on an integrated traffic injury registry.
He referred to the national Road Safety Strategic Plan (2011-2020) of Iran that has 14 strategic objectives mainly on speed management, motorists’ and pedestrians’ safety, development of a comprehensive crash data bank, road infrastructure safety, vehicle safety, and post-crash management and said: “within 2 years the strategic plan would need a revision and WHO is ready to support this process”.
More than 90% of global traffic fatalities occur in low and middle-income countries, which own only 48% of the world’s registered vehicles.
The proportion of traffic injuries in Iran is higher than in most other parts of the eastern Mediterranean region and elsewhere in the world, and is one of the country’s most serious problems.
To save millions of lives the UN General Assembly proclaimed the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011–2020. It evolves around five pillars including building road safety management capacity; improving the safety of road infrastructure; further developing the safety of vehicles; enhancing the behavior of road users; and improving post-crash response.
In 2018 more than 1.25 million people lost their lives on the world’s roads which is among the top 5 leading causes of death in Iran.
On 18th of November the World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims (WDoR) 2018 with the theme "Roads have stories" was commemorated across to world to increase awareness on importance of Safer Roads & Mobility.
Iran implementing its commitments under nuclear deal
|International Atomic Energy Agency Director General's Statement to the 73rd Regular Session of the United Nations General Assembly: (As prepared for delivery) Madam President, Let me begin by expressing my regret that I cannot be present for this 73rd Regular Session of the United Nations General Assembly. There have been important developments in many areas of the IAEA’s activities since I last had the honour of addressing the General Assembly. Many of these are covered by the IAEA Annual Report 2017, which has been distributed. The Agency now implements safeguards in 181 countries, helping to ensure that nuclear materials are not diverted from peaceful purposes. This is an important, and unique, contribution to international peace and security.|
|IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano. Photo credit: IAEA/Dean Calma|
International Atomic Energy Agency Director General's Statement to the 73rd Regular Session of the United Nations General Assembly:
(As prepared for delivery)
Let me begin by expressing my regret that I cannot be present for this 73rd Regular Session of the United Nations General Assembly.
There have been important developments in many areas of the IAEA’s activities since I last had the honour of addressing the General Assembly. Many of these are covered by the IAEA Annual Report 2017, which has been distributed.
The Agency now implements safeguards in 181 countries, helping to ensure that nuclear materials are not diverted from peaceful purposes. This is an important, and unique, contribution to international peace and security.
We have continued to verify and monitor the implementation by Iran of its nuclear-related commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
Iran is implementing its nuclear-related commitments under the JCPOA. It is essential that Iran continues to fully implement those commitments.
The Agency continues to verify the non-diversion of nuclear material declared by Iran under its Safeguards Agreement. Evaluations regarding the absence of undeclared nuclear material and activities in Iran continue.
As far as the nuclear programme of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is concerned, the DPRK’s nuclear activities are clear violations of relevant UN Security Council resolutions and are deeply regrettable.
The Agency continues to enhance its readiness to play an essential role in verifying the DPRK’s nuclear programme if a political agreement is reached among countries concerned.
I again call upon the DPRK to comply fully with its obligations under relevant resolutions of the UN Security Council and of the IAEA Board of Governors, to cooperate promptly with the Agency and to resolve all outstanding issues.
Through our technical cooperation programme, the Agency helps to improve the health and prosperity of millions of people by making nuclear science and technology available in health care, food and agriculture, industry and many other areas.
I see the enormous difference our work makes in my many visits to developing countries.
Capacity-building is a core element of the TC programme.
The Agency has supported nearly 50,000 fellowships since 1956, helping scientists from developing countries to significantly improve their skills. In a recent survey of former fellows, almost 90% of respondents said their placements fully met their professional expectations and the needs of their home institutes.
When the modernisation is completed, we will be able to deliver improved services to Member States to make food safer, improve control of harmful insect pests, and maximize the benefits of new radiation technology for cancer treatment – to name just a few examples.
Major construction work on all new laboratory buildings at Seibersdorf is nearly complete. I am very grateful for the generous contributions received so far. I encourage all Member States in a position to do so to contribute to the costs of equipping the new buildings.
Last month, we marked the 20th anniversary of the IAEA Environment Laboratories at their present location in Monaco with a celebration attended by His Serene Highness Prince Albert II.
The Environment Laboratories make nuclear and isotopic science available to help countries achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, not least SDG 14 on conservation of the oceans.
They monitor environmental radioactivity in the seas and oceans. They also help to address issues such as the impact of climate change, marine plastics, heavy metals and organic pollutants on our seas and oceans.
I was pleased to note, Madam President, that you included the problem of plastics pollution as one of seven priority themes for this session.
Helping countries to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, using relevant nuclear technology, is an important part of our work.
In fact, the IAEA helps countries to use nuclear science and technology to meet at least nine of the 17 SDGs directly, including those aimed at ending hunger, improving human health, increasing the availability of clean water, and, of course, energy.
The Agency continues to participate in the annual High-Level Political Forum on monitoring implementation of the SDGs. Member States encouraged our participation in a resolution at our General Conference in September.
We also actively support South-South cooperation in the field of peaceful nuclear technology. There are many excellent examples of such cooperation, such as the training of radiation oncologists and medical physicists to help improve access to effective cancer treatment in developing countries.
The IAEA Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Science and Technology will take place in Vienna from November 28 to 30. It will focus on the many ways in which nuclear science and technology help countries to address current and emerging development challenges. I encourage all Member States to participate at ministerial level.
The Agency’s latest annual projections show that nuclear power will continue to play a key role in the world’s low-carbon energy mix.
However, without significant progress on using the full potential of nuclear power, it will be difficult for the world to secure sufficient energy to achieve sustainable development and to mitigate climate change.
Regarding the IAEA Low Enriched Uranium Bank in Kazakhstan, I expect that the procurement process will be completed in 2018 and that the LEU will be delivered to the Storage Facility in 2019.
Due attention to safety and security is essential in all uses of nuclear and radiation technologies. Nuclear safety and security are national responsibilities, but the IAEA plays the central role in ensuring effective international cooperation.
We continue to assess the effectiveness and efficiency of Agency peer review and advisory services in nuclear safety and security so that they can better support Member States in the application of IAEA safety standards and security guidance.
We have begun preparations for the next IAEA International Conference on Nuclear Security, which will take place at ministerial level in Vienna in February 2020.
We continuously implement efficiency measures in order to make optimal use of the resources entrusted to us by Member States. But demand for Agency support is steadily increasing. It is essential that Member States make available the resources we need to provide the services they expect.
I am working hard to increase the proportion of women on the Agency’s staff, especially in more senior positions. My goal is to achieve gender parity among the most senior officials by 2021.
Finally, Madam President, I thank the staff of the Agency for their commitment and dedication to delivering on our important mandate.
I am grateful to all IAEA Member States for their active support for the Agency and for me personally and to Austria for being an exemplary host country.
UN committed to promote Africa’s industrial development-UN Chief
|TEHRAN, 20 November 2018 (UNIC) – United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres in his message on Africa Industrialization Day 20 November 2018, reaffirmed the UN’s strong commitment to strongly promote Africa’s industrial development as a key driver for realizing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
The full text of his message reads:
Inclusive and sustainable industrial development is critical for achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in Africa. It generates jobs, reduces poverty, hunger and inequality, empowers women, expands opportunities for young people, while also improving health, safeguarding the environment and tackling climate change.
This year’s Africa Industrialization Day focuses on promoting regional value chains and underscores how industrial development in local pharmaceutical production contributes to healthy lives and well-being.
The development of a competitive and sustainable pharmaceutical manufacturing sector in Africa can help promote better health and well-being and sustainable economic growth. The availability of high quality and affordable medicines can alleviate serious public health issues, while the local production, export, and distribution across regions benefit the creation of jobs and income.
Responding to the needs of the African continent requires strategic partnerships, particularly with the private sector, to promote regional value chains, ensure investments, and enhance access to know-how and technologies.
On Africa Industrialization Day, I reaffirm the strong commitment of the United Nations, and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization in particular, to strongly promote Africa’s industrial development as a key driver for realizing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
WHO Envoy to Iran Highlights Commitment to Serve Vulnerable in Time of Conflicts and Sanctions
Dr. Christoph Hamelmann, Representative of World Health Organization (WHO) in Iran by attending a three-day (14-16 November 2018) international congress on “Health for Peace” in Shiraz highlighted the mission of the Organization to promote health, keep the world safe, and serving particularly the vulnerable in the time of conflicts and sanctions.
By referring to the new WHO General Programme of Work for 2019-2023 he said, our three strategic goals are focused on achieving universal health coverage, addressing health emergencies, and promoting healthier populations that will directly contribute to increasing social protection and social cohesion in different countries in the region including the Islamic Republic of Iran.
War and conflicts are a major cause for death and injury, the breakdown of and reduced access to health systems, the increase incidence of communicable diseases, reduced water and sanitation and disease prevention, psychosocial effects and malnutrition.
“The International Health Regulations play an important role for health, peace and security and we encourage and support all Member States in their commitment and obligation to implement them as signatories” Dr. Hamelmann said.
The Representative of WHO underscored: “we understand our role as advocate for the basic human right to health and a life in peace, security and protection, as one important voice of the United Nation family in a world of increasing conflict affecting in particular the most vulnerable populations, whether this in a context of sanctions, of armed conflicts or even direct attacks on the health workforce in humanitarian settings”.
He also made reference to a Nov 8 WHO press release on the critical health situation in Yemen quoting Dr. Ahmed Al-Mandhari, WHO Regional Director for the Eastern Mediterranean urging all parties in the conflict in Yemen to respect their legal obligations under the International Humanitarian Law to ensure the protection of health workers, patients, health facilities, ambulances, and communities and to facilitate humanitarian access to areas where people need our help most.
The WHO Emergency Risk Management and Humanitarian Response department works closely with Member States, international partners, and local institutions to help communities prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover from emergencies, disasters and crises.
On the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, with 17 goals, among them goal 16 calling for the promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, for access to justice for all and for building effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels, and among them goal 3 calling for ensuring healthy lives and well-being for all at all ages.
The International Congress on Health for Peace that has been hosted by Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in collaboration with the Health and Medical Education of the Islamic Republic of Iran brought together a considerable number of medical experts and representatives from foundations and practitioners active in the realm of health from WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, International Committee of the Red Cross and some non-governmental international organizations.
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