The General Assembly,

      Reaffirming the purposes and principles embodied in the Charter of the United Nations, which, interalia, call for collective effort to strengthen friendly relations among nations, remove threats to peace and foster international cooperation in resolving international issues of an economic, social, cultural and humanitarian character and in promoting and encouraging universal respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all,


      Recognizing the diverse civilization achievements of mankind, crystallizing cultural pluralism and creative human diversity,


      Aware that positive and mutually beneficial interaction among civilizations has continued throughout human history despite impediments arising from intolerance, disputes and wars,


      Emphasizing the importance of tolerance in international relations and the significant role of dialogue as a means to reach understanding, remove threats to peace and strengthen interaction and exchange among civilizations,


      Noting the designation of 1995 as the United Nations Year for Tolerance, and recognizing that tolerance and respect for diversity facilitate universal promotion and protection of human rights and constitute sound foundations for civil society, social harmony and peace,


      Reaffirming that civilization achievements constitute the collective heritage of mankind, providing a source of inspiration and progress for humanity at large,


      Welcoming the collective endeavor of the international community to enhance understanding through constructive dialogue among civilizations on the threshold of the third millennium,


1.      Expresses its firm determination to facilitate and promote dialogue among civilizations;

2.      Decides to proclaim the year 2001 as the United Nations Year of Dialogue among Civilizations:

3.      Invites Governments, the United Nations system, including the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organizations, and other relevant international and non-governmental organizations, to plan and implement appropriate cultural, educational and social programs to promote the concept of dialogue among civilizations, including through organizing conferences and seminars and disseminating information and scholarly material on the subject, and to inform the Secretary-General of their activities:

4.      Requests the Secretary-General to present a provisional report on activities in this regard to the Genera Assembly at its fifty-fourth session, and a final report to the General Assembly at its fifty-fifth



53rd plenary meeting

4 November 1998